Ruth is a registered nurse with a strong background in critical care practice, education and research. She has extensive experience in developing the research skills of clinicians across a range of methodologies. Ruth has received a number of research grants. These have focused on patient safety and quality of care, in particular recognising deterioration and managing end-of-life care in intensive care units. She has experience in international studies and is currently leading a pan-Europe project on competency-based education for critical care nurses.